Next Article in Journal
Transcriptional and Functional Analysis Shows Sodium Houttuyfonate-Mediated Inhibition of Autolysis in Staphylococcus aureus
Previous Article in Journal
Studies on the Synthesis of DMAP Derivatives by Diastereoselective Ugi Reactions
Molecules 2011, 16(10), 8833-8847; doi:10.3390/molecules16108833

Components of Rhizome Extract of Cnidium officinale Makino and Their In vitro Biological Effects

, ,  and *
Department of Forest Products and Biotechnology, College of Forest Sciences, Kookmin University, Seoul, 136-702, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2011 / Revised: 13 October 2011 / Accepted: 18 October 2011 / Published: 21 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
Download PDF [954 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]


The anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of a methanol extract of the rhizome of Cnidium officinale were investigated. Four compounds, namely falcarindiol (1), 6-hydroxy-7-methoxy-dihydroligustilide (2), ligustilidiol (3), and senkyunolide H (4) were isolated from the extract of the rhizome of Cnidium officinale and their structures were elucidated by analysis of their spectroscopic data and by comparison with previously reported data. These compounds showed anti-inflammatory activities, measured as inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) release in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, with IC50 values of 4.31 ± 5.22, 152.95 ± 4.23, 72.78 ± 5.13, and 173.42 ± 3.22 μM, respectively. They also inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression induced by LPS. Among these compounds, falcarindiol (1) was found to have anti-proliferative effect against MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by induction of a G0/G1 cell cycle block of the cells, with an IC50 value of 35.67 μM. Typical apoptotic effects were observed by phase contrast microscopy and were also exhibited in fluorescence microscopy with Hoechst 33342 staining. In addition, falcarindiol induced apoptosis through strongly increased mRNA expression of Bax and p53, and slightly reduced Bcl-2 mRNA levels in a dose dependent manner. This study suggested that C. officinale extract and its components would be valuable candidates in therapeutic applications for anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agents.
Keywords: nitric oxide synthase (NOS); cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2); Bax; p53, Bcl-2; falcarindiol nitric oxide synthase (NOS); cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2); Bax; p53, Bcl-2; falcarindiol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Bae, K.-E.; Choi, Y.-W.; Kim, S.-T.; Kim, Y.-K. Components of Rhizome Extract of Cnidium officinale Makino and Their In vitro Biological Effects. Molecules 2011, 16, 8833-8847.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert