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Molecules 2011, 16(10), 8451-8462; doi:10.3390/molecules16108451

Dissociation of the Disilatricyclic Diallylic Dianion [(C4Ph4SiMe)2]−2 to the Silole Anion [MeSiC4Ph4] by Halide Ion Coordination or Halide Ion Nucleophilic Substitution at the Silicon Atom

Department of Nanopolymer Material Engineering, Pai Chai University, 155-40 Baejae-ro (Doma-Dong), Seo-Gu, Daejon, 302-735, South Korea
Received: 26 August 2011 / Revised: 1 October 2011 / Accepted: 1 October 2011 / Published: 10 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organosilicon Chemistry)
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Abstract

The reductive cleavage of the Si-Si bond in 1,1-bis(1-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenyl-1-silacyclopentadiene) [(C4Ph4SiMe)2] (1) with either Li or Na in THF gives the silole anion [MeSiC4Ph4] (2). The head-to-tail dimerization of the silole anion 2 gives crystals of the disilatricyclic diallylic dianion [(C4Ph4SiMe)2]−2 (3). The derivatization of 3 (crystals) with bromoethane (gas) under reduced pressure provides [(MeSiC4Ph4Et)2] (4) quantitatively. The reverse addition of 3 in THF to trimethylsilyl chloride, hydrogen chloride, and bromoethane in THF gives 1-methyl-1-trimethylsilyl-1-silole [Me3SiMeSiC4Ph4] (6), 1-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenyl-1-silacyclo-3-pentenyl-1-methyl-1-silole [C4Ph4H2SiMe-MeSiC4Ph4] (7), and 1-methyl-2,5-diethyl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenyl-1-silacyclo-3-pentenyl-1-methyl-1-silole [C4Ph4Et2SiMe-MeSiC4Ph4] (8), respectively. The reaction products unambiguously suggest that the silole anion [MeSiC4Ph4] is generated by coordination of the chloride ion at the silicon atom in 3 or by the nucleophilic substitution of either chloride or bromide ion at one of two silicon atoms in 3. The quenching reaction of 3 dissolved in THF with water gives 1,2,3,4-tetraphenyl-2-butene, the disiloxane of 1-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenyl-1-silacyclo-3-pentenyl [O(MeSiC4Ph4)2] (10) and methyl silicate.
Keywords: silole anion; silacyclopentadiene; aromaticity; dimer; tricyclic diallylic dianion silole anion; silacyclopentadiene; aromaticity; dimer; tricyclic diallylic dianion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hong, J.-H. Dissociation of the Disilatricyclic Diallylic Dianion [(C4Ph4SiMe)2]−2 to the Silole Anion [MeSiC4Ph4] by Halide Ion Coordination or Halide Ion Nucleophilic Substitution at the Silicon Atom. Molecules 2011, 16, 8451-8462.

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