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Molecules 2010, 15(4), 2124-2138; doi:10.3390/molecules15042124
Review

Recent Advances in Noble Metal Nanocatalysts for Suzuki and Heck Cross-Coupling Reactions

Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, 51 Lower College Road, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
Received: 12 January 2010 / Revised: 2 March 2010 / Accepted: 23 March 2010 / Published: 25 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-catalysts and Nano-technologies for Green Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract

Since metal nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and very active surface atoms, they are very attractive catalysts for a wide variety of organic and inorganic reactions, compared to bulk catalysts. Metal nanoparticles suspended in colloidal solutions and those adsorbed onto bulk supports have been used as catalysts for a wide variety of carbon-carbon bond formation reactions such as the Suzuki and Heck cross-coupling reactions. This review article highlights some of the latest advances in the application of noble metal nanoparticles as catalysts for these two industrially important classes of cross-coupling reactions. We will discuss several important advances in using metal nanocatalysts in Suzuki and Heck cross-coupling reactions such as investigations on the nanoparticle shape dependence on the catalytic activity, novel types of supported metal nanoparticles as nanocatalysts, and the use of bi-metallic, tri-metallic and multi-metallic nanoparticles as catalysts for the Suzuki and Heck cross-coupling reactions.
Keywords: noble metal nanoparticles; nanocatalysis; Suzuki cross-coupling reaction; Heck cross-coupling reaction; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis noble metal nanoparticles; nanocatalysis; Suzuki cross-coupling reaction; Heck cross-coupling reaction; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Narayanan, R. Recent Advances in Noble Metal Nanocatalysts for Suzuki and Heck Cross-Coupling Reactions. Molecules 2010, 15, 2124-2138.

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