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Antioxidant Properties of Cap and Stipe from Coprinus comatus
School of Food Science, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453003, Henan, China
School of Food Science, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2009; in revised form: 14 January 2010 / Accepted: 2 March 2010 / Published: 9 March 2010
Abstract: Coprinus comatus, also called chicken drumstick mushroom, is currently commercially available in China. Hot water and ethanolic extracts were prepared from cap and stipe of C. comatus fruit bodies and their antioxidant properties were studied. Ethanolic extract from stipe showed high antioxidant activity (80.6%) at 1 mg/mL. Reducing power of hot water extracts from cap was 1.653 at 10 mg/mL. Extracts from cap showed better scavenging ability on DPPH (57.9% at 1 mg/mL) than stipe ones. Ethanolic extracts were more effective in scavenging ability on hydroxyl radicals (57.4–61.3% at 5 mg/mL) than hot water extracts. Ethanolic extracts showed moderate scavenging ability on superoxide radicals (46.3–47.0% at 20 mg/mL). Naturally occurring antioxidant components including total phenols (3.60–20.00 mg/g), tocopherols (0.58–11.93 mg/g), flavonoids (0.19–3.52 mg/g) and polysaccharides (58.52–547.86 mg/g) were found in the extracts. Overall, extracts from cap were more effective for the antioxidant properties assayed.
Keywords: Coprinus comatus; cap; stipe; antioxidant property
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MDPI and ACS Style
Li, B.; Lu, F.; Suo, X.; Nan, H.; Li, B. Antioxidant Properties of Cap and Stipe from Coprinus comatus. Molecules 2010, 15, 1473-1486.
Li B, Lu F, Suo X, Nan H, Li B. Antioxidant Properties of Cap and Stipe from Coprinus comatus. Molecules. 2010; 15(3):1473-1486.
Li, Bo; Lu, Fei; Suo, Xiaomin; Nan, Haijuan; Li, Bin. 2010. "Antioxidant Properties of Cap and Stipe from Coprinus comatus." Molecules 15, no. 3: 1473-1486.