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Molecules 2010, 15(11), 7849-7860; doi:10.3390/molecules15117849
Article

Variability of Polyphenol Compounds in Myrtus Communis L. (Myrtaceae) Berries from Corsica

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Received: 6 September 2010; in revised form: 12 October 2010 / Accepted: 2 November 2010 / Published: 3 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
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Abstract: Polyphenol compounds were extracted from Myrtus communis L. berries (Myrtaceae) by maceration in 70% ethanol and analysed by HPLC-DAD and electrospray mass spectrometry. The Myrtus berries were collected at maturity from seven localities on the island of Corsica (France) and the sampling was carried out during three years. The polyphenol composition of Corsican Myrtus berries was characterized by two phenolic acids, four flavanols, three flavonols and five flavonol glycosides. The major compounds were myricetin-3-O-arabinoside and myricetin-3-O-galactoside. Principal components analysis (PCA) is applied to study the chemical composition and variability of myrtle berries alcoholic extracts from the seven localities. Canonical analysis and PCA data distinguishes two groups of myrtle berries characterized by different concentrations of polyphenols according to soil and years of harvest. The variations in the polyphenol concentration were due to biotic and abiotic factors.
Keywords: flavonols; MSn; HPLC-DAD; biotic and abiotic factors flavonols; MSn; HPLC-DAD; biotic and abiotic factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barboni, T.; Cannac, M.; Massi, L.; Perez-Ramirez, Y.; Chiaramonti, N. Variability of Polyphenol Compounds in Myrtus Communis L. (Myrtaceae) Berries from Corsica. Molecules 2010, 15, 7849-7860.

AMA Style

Barboni T, Cannac M, Massi L, Perez-Ramirez Y, Chiaramonti N. Variability of Polyphenol Compounds in Myrtus Communis L. (Myrtaceae) Berries from Corsica. Molecules. 2010; 15(11):7849-7860.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barboni, Toussaint; Cannac, Magali; Massi, Lionel; Perez-Ramirez, Yolanda; Chiaramonti, Nathalie. 2010. "Variability of Polyphenol Compounds in Myrtus Communis L. (Myrtaceae) Berries from Corsica." Molecules 15, no. 11: 7849-7860.


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