Molecules 2010, 15(10), 6773-6794; doi:10.3390/molecules15106773
Article

Synthesis of Lasofoxifene, Nafoxidine and Their Positional Isomers via the Novel Three-Component Coupling Reaction

Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 August 2010; in revised form: 13 September 2010 / Accepted: 20 September 2010 / Published: 28 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity Oriented Synthesis)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [440 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 14 October 2010 10:28 CEST]
The original version is still available [504 KB, uploaded 28 September 2010 17:06 CEST]
Abstract: A Lewis acid-mediated three-component coupling reaction was successfully applied for the synthesis of lasofoxifene (1), nafoxidine (2), and their positional isomers, inv-lasofoxifene (3) and inv-nafoxidine (4). In the presence of HfCl4, the desired one-pot coupling reaction among 4-pivaloyloxybenzaldehyde (5), cinnamyltrimethylsilane (6), and anisole proceeded to afford the corresponding 3,4,4-triaryl-1-butene 7 in high yield. The iodocarbocyclization of the coupling product and the successive elimination of hydrogen iodide forming the olefin part, followed by the migration of the double-bond afforded the common synthetic intermediate of lasofoxifene (1) and nafoxidine (2) via a very concise procedure. Additionally, the syntheses of their positional isomers inv-lasofoxifene (3) and inv-nafoxidine (4) were also achieved through very convenient protocols.
Keywords: three-component coupling reaction; diversity oriented synthesis; lasofoxifene; nafoxidine; inv-lasofoxifene; inv-nafoxidine

Supplementary Files

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Nakata, K.; Sano, Y.; Shiina, I. Synthesis of Lasofoxifene, Nafoxidine and Their Positional Isomers via the Novel Three-Component Coupling Reaction. Molecules 2010, 15, 6773-6794.

AMA Style

Nakata K, Sano Y, Shiina I. Synthesis of Lasofoxifene, Nafoxidine and Their Positional Isomers via the Novel Three-Component Coupling Reaction. Molecules. 2010; 15(10):6773-6794.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakata, Kenya; Sano, Yoshiyuki; Shiina, Isamu. 2010. "Synthesis of Lasofoxifene, Nafoxidine and Their Positional Isomers via the Novel Three-Component Coupling Reaction." Molecules 15, no. 10: 6773-6794.

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert