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Molecules 2010, 15(10), 6713-6721; doi:10.3390/molecules15106713

Antiphytoviral Activity of Satureja montana L. ssp. variegata (Host) P. W. Ball Essential Oil and Phenol Compounds on CMV and TMV

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Split, Teslina 12, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Received: 3 August 2010 / Revised: 8 September 2010 / Accepted: 16 September 2010 / Published: 28 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

The essential oil of Satureja montana L. ssp. variegata (Host) P. W. Ball (Lamiaceae) was characterized by a high concentration of oxygenated monoterpenes (71.3%), among which carvacrol (19.4%) and thymol (16.6%) were the major compounds. When the essential oil was applied on local hosts Chenopodium amaranticolor Coste & Reyn. and Chenopodium quinoa Willd. simultaneously with the infecting virus, the number of local lesions on both Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) infected plants was reduced for 29.2% and 24.1%, respectively. When applied individually for each virus, thymol was more effective in reducing CMV infection (33.2%), while carvacrol was more effective in reducing the TMV infection (34.3%). No synergistic effect of both monoterpenes was observed in the antiviral activity of the oil.
Keywords: carvacrol; CMV; essential oil; satureja montana L. ssp. variegate;
thymol; TMV
carvacrol; CMV; essential oil; satureja montana L. ssp. variegate;
thymol; TMV
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dunkić, V.; Bezić, N.; Vuko, E.; Cukrov, D. Antiphytoviral Activity of Satureja montana L. ssp. variegata (Host) P. W. Ball Essential Oil and Phenol Compounds on CMV and TMV. Molecules 2010, 15, 6713-6721.

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