Ionic Liquids in Tribology
AbstractCurrent research on room-temperature ionic liquids as lubricants is described. Ionic liquids possess excellent properties such as non-volatility, non-flammability, and thermo-oxidative stability. The potential use of ionic liquids as lubricants was first proposed in 2001 and approximately 70 articles pertaining to fundamental research on ionic liquids have been published through May 2009. A large majority of the cations examined in this area are derived from 1,3-dialkylimidazolium, with a higher alkyl group on the imidazolium cation being beneficial for good lubrication, while it reduces the thermo-oxidative stability. Hydrophobic anions provide both good lubricity and significant thermo-oxidative stability. The anions decompose through a tribochemical reaction to generate metal fluoride on the rubbed surface. Additive technology to improve lubricity is also explained. An introduction to tribology as an interdisciplinary field of lubrication is also provided.
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Minami, I. Ionic Liquids in Tribology. Molecules 2009, 14, 2286-2305.
Minami I. Ionic Liquids in Tribology. Molecules. 2009; 14(6):2286-2305.Chicago/Turabian Style
Minami, Ichiro. 2009. "Ionic Liquids in Tribology." Molecules 14, no. 6: 2286-2305.