Molecules 2008, 13(1), 157-169; doi:10.3390/molecules13010157
Article

The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation

1 Department of Chemistry and Physics, Arkansas State University, State University, AR 72467, USA 2 Department of Chemistry, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2007; in revised form: 21 January 2008 / Accepted: 22 January 2008 / Published: 25 January 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue ECSOC-11)
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Abstract: Unsubstituted cyclic imides were synthesized from a series of cyclic anhydrides,hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH·HCl), and 4-N,N-dimethylamino-pyridine (DMAP,base catalyst) under microwave irradiation in monomode and multimode microwaves. Thisnovel microwave synthesis produced high yields of the unsubstituted cyclic imides forboth the monomode (61 - 81%) and multimode (84 - 97%) microwaves.
Keywords: Hydroxylamine·HCl; unsubstituted cyclic imides; DMAP; microwaves.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Benjamin, E.; Hijji, Y. The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation. Molecules 2008, 13, 157-169.

AMA Style

Benjamin E, Hijji Y. The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation. Molecules. 2008; 13(1):157-169.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Benjamin, Ellis; Hijji, Yousef. 2008. "The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation." Molecules 13, no. 1: 157-169.

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