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Molecules 2008, 13(1), 157-169; doi:10.3390/molecules13010157
Article

The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation

1,*  and 2
1 Department of Chemistry and Physics, Arkansas State University, State University, AR 72467, USA 2 Department of Chemistry, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2007 / Revised: 21 January 2008 / Accepted: 22 January 2008 / Published: 25 January 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue ECSOC-11)
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Abstract

Unsubstituted cyclic imides were synthesized from a series of cyclic anhydrides,hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH·HCl), and 4-N,N-dimethylamino-pyridine (DMAP,base catalyst) under microwave irradiation in monomode and multimode microwaves. Thisnovel microwave synthesis produced high yields of the unsubstituted cyclic imides forboth the monomode (61 - 81%) and multimode (84 - 97%) microwaves.
Keywords: Hydroxylamine·HCl; unsubstituted cyclic imides; DMAP; microwaves. Hydroxylamine·HCl; unsubstituted cyclic imides; DMAP; microwaves.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Benjamin, E.; Hijji, Y. The Synthesis of Unsubstituted Cyclic Imides Using Hydroxylamine under Microwave Irradiation. Molecules 2008, 13, 157-169.

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