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Molecules 2007, 12(6), 1220-1232; doi:10.3390/12061220
Article

Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa

* , ,  and
Department of Biological Sciences, TS-242 Trafton Sciences Center, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 56001, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2007 / Revised: 26 June 2007 / Accepted: 26 June 2007 / Published: 29 June 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
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Abstract

We examined the influence of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) on the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and growth of Avena sativa. Treatments involved placing filters on frames over potted plants that reduced levels of biologically effective UV-B by either 71% (reduced UV-B) or by 19% (near-ambient UV-B) over the 52 day experiment (04 July - 25 August 2002). Plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had 38% less total biomass than those under reduced UV-B. The reduction in biomass was mainly the result of a 24% lower leaf elongation rate, resulting in shorter leaves and less total leaf area than plants under reduced UV-B. In addition, plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had up to 17% lower Fv/Fm values early in the experiment, and this effect declined with plant age. Concentrations of bulk-soluble phenolics and FRAP values were 17 and 24% higher under near-ambient UV-B than under reduced UV-B, respectively. There was a positive relationship between bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations and FRAP values. There were no UV-B effects on concentrations of carotenoids (carotenes + xanthophylls).
Keywords: antioxidant activity; flavonoids; FRAP; total phenols; UV-B antioxidant activity; flavonoids; FRAP; total phenols; UV-B
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Ruhland, C.T.; Fogal, M.J.; Buyarski, C.R.; Krna, M.A. Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa. Molecules 2007, 12, 1220-1232.

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