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Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa
Department of Biological Sciences, TS-242 Trafton Sciences Center, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 56001, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2007; in revised form: 26 June 2007 / Accepted: 26 June 2007 / Published: 29 June 2007
Abstract: We examined the influence of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) on the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and growth of Avena sativa. Treatments involved placing filters on frames over potted plants that reduced levels of biologically effective UV-B by either 71% (reduced UV-B) or by 19% (near-ambient UV-B) over the 52 day experiment (04 July - 25 August 2002). Plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had 38% less total biomass than those under reduced UV-B. The reduction in biomass was mainly the result of a 24% lower leaf elongation rate, resulting in shorter leaves and less total leaf area than plants under reduced UV-B. In addition, plants growing under near-ambient UV-B had up to 17% lower Fv/Fm values early in the experiment, and this effect declined with plant age. Concentrations of bulk-soluble phenolics and FRAP values were 17 and 24% higher under near-ambient UV-B than under reduced UV-B, respectively. There was a positive relationship between bulk-soluble phenolic concentrations and FRAP values. There were no UV-B effects on concentrations of carotenoids (carotenes + xanthophylls).
Keywords: antioxidant activity; flavonoids; FRAP; total phenols; UV-B
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ruhland, C.T.; Fogal, M.J.; Buyarski, C.R.; Krna, M.A. Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa. Molecules 2007, 12, 1220-1232.
Ruhland CT, Fogal MJ, Buyarski CR, Krna MA. Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa. Molecules. 2007; 12(6):1220-1232.
Ruhland, Christopher T.; Fogal, Mitchell J.; Buyarski, Christopher R.; Krna, Matthew A. 2007. "Solar Ultraviolet-B Radiation Increases Phenolic Content and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power in Avena sativa." Molecules 12, no. 6: 1220-1232.