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Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae)
Benaki Phytopathological Institute, 8 S. Delta Str. 14561 Kifissia, Athens, Greece
Agroindustrial Robola Growers Cooperative of Kefalllinia, Omala, 28100 Kefallinia, Greece
Chemistry Laboratory, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera odos 75, Athens, 11855, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2007; in revised form: 7 December 2007 / Accepted: 7 December 2007 / Published: 10 December 2007
Abstract: The chemical composition of the essential oils of the wild growing plants of Greek S. spinosa L., S. parnassica subsp. parnassica Heldr.& Sart ex Boiss., S. thymbra and S. montana were determined by GC and GC/MS analysis. The larvicidal activities of the essential oils were assayed against Culex pipiens biotype molestus. The analytical data indicated that various monoterpene hydrocarbons and phenolic monoterpenes constitute the major constituents of the oils, but their concentration varied greatly among the oils examined. The bioassay results indicated that the oils possess significant larvicidal activities and represent an inexpensive source of natural substances mixture that exhibit potentials for use to control the mosquito larvae.
Keywords: Essential oils; Satureja sp.; mosquito control; larvicidal activity; Culex pipiens biotype molestus
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Michaelakis, A.; Theotokatos, S.A.; Koliopoulos, G.; Chorianopoulos, N.G. Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Molecules 2007, 12, 2567-2578.
Michaelakis A, Theotokatos SA, Koliopoulos G, Chorianopoulos NG. Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Molecules. 2007; 12(12):2567-2578.
Michaelakis, Antonios; Theotokatos, Spiridon A.; Koliopoulos, Georgios; Chorianopoulos, Nikos G. 2007. "Essential Oils of Satureja Species: Insecticidal Effect on Culex pipiens Larvae (Diptera: Culicidae)." Molecules 12, no. 12: 2567-2578.