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Molecules 2006, 11(7), 549-555; doi:10.3390/11070549
Article

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil from Ambrosia trifida L.

1,2, 1,*  and 3
1 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, P.R. China 2 Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P.R. ChinaGraduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, P.R. China 3 Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100094, P.R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2006 / Revised: 19 July 2006 / Accepted: 20 July 2006 / Published: 25 July 2006
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Abstract

The essential oil obtained by steam distillation of dried aerial parts of Ambrosia trifida L. from Northeast China was analyzed by GC and GC–MS. The essential oil yield based on dried plant material was 0.12% and thirty-five compounds (corresponding to 86.7% of the total weight) were identified. The main components were: bornyl acetate (15.5%), borneol (8.5%), caryophyllene oxide (8.3%), α-pinene (8.0%), germacrene D (6.3%), β-caryophyllene (4.6%), trans-carveol (2.9%), β-myrcene (2.6%), camphor (2.4%) and limonene (3.2%). A. trifida essential oil demonstrated bactericidal and fungicidal activity against six bacterial strains and two fungal strains, using the agar diffusion method.
Keywords: Ambrosia trifida L.; antimicrobial activity; chemical composition; essential oil. Ambrosia trifida L.; antimicrobial activity; chemical composition; essential oil.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, P.; Kong, C.H.; Zhang, C.X. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil from Ambrosia trifida L.. Molecules 2006, 11, 549-555.

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