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Highly Volatile Constituents of Vetiveria zizanioides Roots Grown under Different Cultivation Conditions
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
Department of Soil Science and Conservation, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2006; in revised form: 12 October 2006 / Accepted: 16 October 2006 / Published: 25 October 2006
Abstract: Roots of Vetiveria zizanioides Nash (Mae Hae; Thai ecotype) planted in three different cultivation systems (normal soil, normal soil with added microbes and semi- hydroponically) were extracted using a simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction (SDE) apparatus. Yields of the essential oils obtained were 0.27, 0.18 and 0.06%, respectively. The separation profiles obtained by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) and solid phase microextraction (SPME)-GC×GC analyses of the crude essential oils showed a total of 156 and 48 well-resolved components, respectively. The highly volatile fractions isolated from the three essential oils by SPME were subjected to analysis by GC-MS and 42 compounds were identified in total. Volatile component profiles of the oils obtained by normal soil and semi-hydroponic cultivation were similar, whereas a quantitative difference was noted in some major volatiles when the cultivation system containing microbes was utilized.
Keywords: Vetiveria zizanioides Nash; vetiver; semi-hydroponic cultivation; GC×GC; SPME-GC-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style
Pripdeevech, P.; Wongpornchai, S.; Promsiri, A. Highly Volatile Constituents of Vetiveria zizanioides Roots Grown under Different Cultivation Conditions. Molecules 2006, 11, 817-826.
Pripdeevech P, Wongpornchai S, Promsiri A. Highly Volatile Constituents of Vetiveria zizanioides Roots Grown under Different Cultivation Conditions. Molecules. 2006; 11(10):817-826.
Pripdeevech, Patcharee; Wongpornchai, Sugunya; Promsiri, Ampan. 2006. "Highly Volatile Constituents of Vetiveria zizanioides Roots Grown under Different Cultivation Conditions." Molecules 11, no. 10: 817-826.