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Entropy 2006, 8(3), 175-181; doi:10.3390/e8030175
Article

Generalized Ideal Gas Equations for Structureful Universe

 and
Received: 19 May 2006; Accepted: 4 September 2006 / Published: 4 September 2006
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Abstract: We have derived generalized ideal gas equations for a structureful universe consistingof all forms of matters. We have assumed a universe that contains superclusters. Superclusters arethen made of clusters. Each cluster can be further divided into smaller ones and so on. We havederived an expression for the entropy of such a universe. Our model is rather independent of thegeometry of the intermediate clusters. Our calculations are valid for a non-interacting universewithin non-relativistic limits. We suggest that structure formation can reduce the expansion rateof the universe.
Keywords: set theory; cluster; temperature; pressure; entropy; thermal energy; cosmology. set theory; cluster; temperature; pressure; entropy; thermal energy; cosmology.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Afridi, S.N.; Khan, K. Generalized Ideal Gas Equations for Structureful Universe. Entropy 2006, 8, 175-181.

AMA Style

Afridi SN, Khan K. Generalized Ideal Gas Equations for Structureful Universe. Entropy. 2006; 8(3):175-181.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Afridi, Shahid N.; Khan, Khalid. 2006. "Generalized Ideal Gas Equations for Structureful Universe." Entropy 8, no. 3: 175-181.


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