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Entropy 2004, 6(1), 116-127; doi:10.3390/e6010116

Second Law Violation By Magneto-Caloric Effect Adiabatic Phase Transition of Type I Superconductive Particles

Keefe and Associates, 24405 Gratiot Avenue, Eastpointe, MI 48021 USA
Received: 30 September 2003 / Accepted: 10 December 2003 / Published: 17 March 2004
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Limits to the Second Law of Thermodynamics)
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Abstract

The nature of the thermodynamic behavior of Type I superconductor particles, having a cross section less than the Ginzburg-Landau temperature dependent coherence length is discussed for magnetic field induced adiabatic phase transitions from the superconductive state to the normal state. Argument is advanced supporting the view that when the adiabatic magneto-caloric process is applied to particles, the phase transition is characterized by a decrease in entropy in violation of traditional formulations of the Second Law, evidenced by attainment of a final process temperature below that which would result from an adiabatic magneto-caloric process applied to bulk dimensioned specimens.
Keywords: superconductor; second law; magneto-caloric effect; coherent magneto-caloric effect; adiabatic magneto-caloric effect; adiabatic phase transition superconductor; second law; magneto-caloric effect; coherent magneto-caloric effect; adiabatic magneto-caloric effect; adiabatic phase transition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Keefe, P. Second Law Violation By Magneto-Caloric Effect Adiabatic Phase Transition of Type I Superconductive Particles. Entropy 2004, 6, 116-127.

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