Next Article in Journal
The KCOD Model on (3,4,6,4) and (34,6) Archimedean Lattices
Previous Article in Journal
The Thermodynamical Arrow and the Historical Arrow; Are They Equivalent?
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Entropy 2017, 19(9), 458; doi:10.3390/e19090458

Twisted Soft Photon Hair Implants on Black Holes

1
ZKM—Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Lorentzstr. 19, D-76135 Karlsruhe, Germany
2
MSC-BW, Stuttgart, Nobelstr. 19, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany
3
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
4
Tomsk State Pedagogical University, ul. Kievskaya, 60, 634061 Tomsk, Russia
5
Laboratory of Theoretical Cosmology, Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics (TUSUR), 634050 Tomsk, Russia
6
INFN Sezione di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy
7
Institute for Scientific Methodology (ISEM), 90146 Palermo, Italy
8
School of Advanced International Studies on Theoretical and Nonlinear Methodologies of Physics, I-70124 Bari, Italy
9
International Institute for Applicable Mathematics and Information Sciences (IIAMIS), B.M. Birla Science Centre, Adarsh Nagar, Hyderabad 500463, India
10
Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Ångström Laboratory, P. O. Box 537, SE-75121 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2017 / Revised: 28 August 2017 / Accepted: 29 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Astrophysics and Cosmology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [390 KB, uploaded 1 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Background: The Hawking–Perry–Strominger (HPS) work states a new controversial idea about the black hole (BH) information paradox , where BHs maximally entropize and encode information in their event horizon area , with no “hair” thought to reveal information outside but angular momentum, mass, and electric charge only in a unique quantum gravity (QG) vacuum state. New conservation laws of gravitation and electromagnetism , appear to generate different QG vacua, preserving more information in soft photon/graviton hair implants. We find that BH photon hair implants can encode orbital angular momentum (OAM) and vorticity of the electromagnetic (EM) field. Methods: Numerical simulations are used to plot an EM field with OAM emitted by a set of dipolar currents together with the soft photon field they induce. The analytical results confirm that the soft photon hair implant carries OAM and vorticity. Results: a set of charges and currents generating real EM fields with precise values of OAM induce a “curly”, twisted, soft-hair implant on the BH with vorticity and OAM increased by one unit with respect to the initial real field. Conclusions: Soft photon implants can be spatially shaped ad hoc, encoding structured and densely organized information on the event horizon. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic vorticity; electromagnetic orbital angular momentum; black holes; soft photons electromagnetic vorticity; electromagnetic orbital angular momentum; black holes; soft photons
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tamburini, F.; Laurentis, M.D.; Licata, I.; Thidé, B. Twisted Soft Photon Hair Implants on Black Holes. Entropy 2017, 19, 458.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Entropy EISSN 1099-4300 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top