Complex Dynamics of an SIR Epidemic Model with Nonlinear Saturate Incidence and Recovery Rate
AbstractSusceptible-infectious-removed (SIR) epidemic models are proposed to consider the impact of available resources of the public health care system in terms of the number of hospital beds. Both the incidence rate and the recovery rate are considered as nonlinear functions of the number of infectious individuals, and the recovery rate incorporates the influence of the number of hospital beds. It is shown that backward bifurcation and saddle-node bifurcation may occur when the number of hospital beds is insufficient. In such cases, it is critical to prepare an appropriate amount of hospital beds because only reducing the basic reproduction number less than unity is not enough to eradicate the disease. When the basic reproduction number is larger than unity, the model may undergo forward bifurcation and Hopf bifurcation. The increasing hospital beds can decrease the infectious individuals. However, it is useless to eliminate the disease. Therefore, maintaining enough hospital beds is important for the prevention and control of the infectious disease. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate and complement the theoretical analysis. View Full-Text
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Cui, Q.; Qiu, Z.; Liu, W.; Hu, Z. Complex Dynamics of an SIR Epidemic Model with Nonlinear Saturate Incidence and Recovery Rate. Entropy 2017, 19, 305.
Cui Q, Qiu Z, Liu W, Hu Z. Complex Dynamics of an SIR Epidemic Model with Nonlinear Saturate Incidence and Recovery Rate. Entropy. 2017; 19(7):305.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cui, Qianqian; Qiu, Zhipeng; Liu, Wenbin; Hu, Zengyun. 2017. "Complex Dynamics of an SIR Epidemic Model with Nonlinear Saturate Incidence and Recovery Rate." Entropy 19, no. 7: 305.
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