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Entropy 2017, 19(5), 236;

Entropy in Investigation of Vasovagal Syndrome in Passive Head Up Tilt Test

Department of Theoretical Foundations of Bio-Medical Science and Medical Informatics, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 85-067 Bydgoszcz, Poland
1st Chair Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw 02-091, Poland
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw 02-091, Poland
1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw 02-091, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Herbert Jelinek
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy and Cardiac Physics II)
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This paper presents an application of Approximate Entropy (ApEn) and Sample Entropy (SampEn) in the analysis of heart rhythm, blood pressure and stroke volume for the diagnosis of vasovagal syndrome. The analyzed biosignals were recorded during positive passive tilt tests—HUTT(+). Signal changes and their entropy were compared in three main phases of the test: supine position, tilt, and pre-syncope, with special focus on the latter, which was analyzed in a sliding window of each signal. In some cases, ApEn and SampEn were equally useful for the assessment of signal complexity (p < 0.05 in corresponding calculations). The complexity of the signals was found to decrease in the pre-syncope phase (SampEn (RRI): 1.20–0.34, SampEn (sBP): 1.29–0.57, SampEn (dBP): 1.19–0.48, SampEn (SV): 1.62–0.91). The pattern of the SampEn (SV) decrease differs from the pattern of the SampEn (sBP), SampEn (dBP) and SampEn (RRI) decrease. For all signals, the lowest entropy values in the pre-syncope phase were observed at the moment when loss of consciousness occurred. View Full-Text
Keywords: approximate entropy; sample entropy; vasovagal syndrome approximate entropy; sample entropy; vasovagal syndrome

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Buszko, K.; Piątkowska, A.; Koźluk, E.; Opolski, G. Entropy in Investigation of Vasovagal Syndrome in Passive Head Up Tilt Test. Entropy 2017, 19, 236.

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