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Entropy 2017, 19(4), 177; doi:10.3390/e19040177

Entropy in Natural Time and the Associated Complexity Measures

Section of Solid State Physics and Solid Earth Physics Institute, Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 157 84, Athens, Greece
Academic Editor: Gunnar Pruessner
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 16 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 20 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Complex Systems, Non-Equilibrium Dynamics and Self-Organisation)
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Abstract

Natural time is a new time domain introduced in 2001. The analysis of time series associated with a complex system in natural time may provide useful information and may reveal properties that are usually hidden when studying the system in conventional time. In this new time domain, an entropy has been defined, and complexity measures based on this entropy, as well as its value under time-reversal have been introduced and found applications in various complex systems. Here, we review these applications in the electric signals that precede rupture, e.g., earthquakes, in the analysis of electrocardiograms, as well as in global atmospheric phenomena, like the El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation. View Full-Text
Keywords: entropy; natural time; complexity measures; seismic electric signals; Olami–Feder–Christensen model; electrocardiograms; El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation entropy; natural time; complexity measures; seismic electric signals; Olami–Feder–Christensen model; electrocardiograms; El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sarlis, N.V. Entropy in Natural Time and the Associated Complexity Measures. Entropy 2017, 19, 177.

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