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Entropy 2017, 19(12), 671; doi:10.3390/e19120671

Inspecting Non-Perturbative Contributions to the Entanglement Entropy via Wavefunctions

1
Center for Field Theory and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
2
Department of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Surface Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
4
Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 4 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 December 2017 / Published: 7 December 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, we would like to systematically explore the implications of non-perturbative effects on entanglement in a many body system. Instead of pursuing the usual path-integral method in a singular space, we attempt to study the wavefunctions in detail. We begin with a toy model of multiple particles whose interaction potential admits multiple minima. We study the entanglement of the true ground state after taking the tunneling effects into account and find some simple patterns. Notably, in the case of multiple particle interactions, entanglement entropy generically decreases with increasing number of minima. The knowledge of the subsystem actually increases with the number of minima. The reduced density matrix can also be seen to have close connections with graph spectra. In a more careful study of the two-well tunneling system, we also extract the exponentially-suppressed tail contribution, the analogue of instantons. To understand the effects of multiple minima in a field theory, we are inspired to inspect wavefunctions in a toy model of a bosonic field describing quasi-particles of two different condensates related by Bogoliubov transformations. We find that the area law is naturally preserved. This is probably a useful set of perspectives that promise wider applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: entanglement; non-perturbative corrections; many body system entanglement; non-perturbative corrections; many body system
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Bhattacharyya, A.; Hung, L.-Y.; Lau, P.H.C.; Liu, S.-N. Inspecting Non-Perturbative Contributions to the Entanglement Entropy via Wavefunctions. Entropy 2017, 19, 671.

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