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Entropy 2016, 18(7), 246; doi:10.3390/e18070246

Effect of a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Procedure on Heart Rate Variability and Pulse Transit Time Variability: A Comparison Study Based on Fuzzy Measure Entropy

1
Affiliated Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250014, China
2
School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
3
School of Computer Science and Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos M. Travieso-González and Jesús B. Alonso-Hernández
Received: 11 April 2016 / Revised: 22 June 2016 / Accepted: 24 June 2016 / Published: 9 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy on Biosignals and Intelligent Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [867 KB, uploaded 9 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a common treatment method for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but its effect on synchronously measured heart rate variability (HRV) and pulse transit time variability (PTTV) have not been well established. This study aimed to verify whether PCI for CAD patients affects both HRV and PTTV parameters. Sixteen CAD patients were enrolled. Two five-minute ECG and finger photoplethysmography (PPG) signals were recorded, one within 24 h before PCI and another within 24 h after PCI. The changes of RR and pulse transit time (PTT) intervals due to the PCI procedure were first compared. Then, HRV and PTTV were evaluated by a standard short-term time-domain variability index of standard deviation of time series (SDTS) and our previously developed entropy-based index of fuzzy measure entropy (FuzzyMEn). To test the effect of different time series length on HRV and PTTV results, we segmented the RR and PTT time series using four time windows of 200, 100, 50 and 25 beats respectively. The PCI-induced changes in HRV and PTTV, as well as in RR and PTT intervals, are different. PCI procedure significantly decreased RR intervals (before PCI 973 ± 85 vs. after PCI 907 ± 100 ms, p < 0.05) while significantly increasing PTT intervals (207 ± 18 vs. 214 ± 19 ms, p < 0.01). For HRV, SDTS-only output significant lower values after PCI when time windows are 100 and 25 beats while presenting no significant decreases for other two time windows. By contrast, FuzzyMEn gave significant lower values after PCI for all four time windows (all p < 0.05). For PTTV, SDTS hardly changed after PCI at any time window (all p > 0.90) whereas FuzzyMEn still reported significant lower values (p < 0.05 for 25 beats time window and p < 0.01 for other three time windows). For both HRV and PTTV, with the increase of time window values, SDTS decreased while FuzzyMEn increased. This pilot study demonstrated that the RR interval decreased whereas the PTT interval increased after the PCI procedure and that there were significant reductions in both HRV and PTTV immediately after PCI using the FuzzyMEn method, indicating the changes in underlying mechanisms in cardiovascular system. View Full-Text
Keywords: heart rate variability; percutaneous coronary intervention; pulse transit time variability; fuzzy measure entropy; coronary artery disease heart rate variability; percutaneous coronary intervention; pulse transit time variability; fuzzy measure entropy; coronary artery disease
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Zhang, G.; Liu, C.; Ji, L.; Yang, J.; Liu, C. Effect of a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Procedure on Heart Rate Variability and Pulse Transit Time Variability: A Comparison Study Based on Fuzzy Measure Entropy. Entropy 2016, 18, 246.

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