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Entropy and the Self-Organization of Information and Value
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Entropy 2016, 18(6), 197; doi:10.3390/e18060197

Information and Selforganization: A Unifying Approach and Applications

1
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Center of Synergetics, Pfaffenwaldring 57/4, Stuttgart University, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany
2
ESLab (Environmental Simulation Lab), Department of Geography and the Human Environment, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adom Giffin
Received: 25 November 2015 / Revised: 20 April 2016 / Accepted: 9 May 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information and Self-Organization)

Abstract

Selforganization is a process by which the interaction between the parts of a complex system gives rise to the spontaneous emergence of patterns, structures or functions. In this interaction the system elements exchange matter, energy and information. We focus our attention on the relations between selforganization and information in general and the way they are linked to cognitive processes in particular. We do so from the analytical and mathematical perspective of the “second foundation of synergetics” and its “synergetic computer” and with reference to several forms of information: Shannon’s information that deals with the quantity of a message irrespective of its meaning, semantic and pragmatic forms of information that deal with the meaning conveyed by messages and information adaptation that refers to the interplay between Shannon’s information and semantic or pragmatic information. We first elucidate the relations between selforganization and information theoretically and mathematically and then by means of specific case studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: synergetics; Shannon information; pragmatic and semantic information; order parameter; slaving principle; pattern formation/recognition; synergetic computer; quasiattractors; ambivalent/hybrid images; saccadic eye movements; consciousness; urban dynamics; exploratory behavior synergetics; Shannon information; pragmatic and semantic information; order parameter; slaving principle; pattern formation/recognition; synergetic computer; quasiattractors; ambivalent/hybrid images; saccadic eye movements; consciousness; urban dynamics; exploratory behavior
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Haken, H.; Portugali, J. Information and Selforganization: A Unifying Approach and Applications. Entropy 2016, 18, 197.

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