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Entropy 2012, 14(5), 945-957; doi:10.3390/e14050945
Article

Applying Multiscale Entropy to the Complexity Analysis of Rainfall-Runoff Relationships

Received: 14 March 2012; in revised form: 6 May 2012 / Accepted: 11 May 2012 / Published: 16 May 2012
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Abstract: This paper presents a novel framework for the complexity analysis of rainfall, runoff, and runoff coefficient (RC) time series using multiscale entropy (MSE). The MSE analysis of RC time series was used to investigate changes in the complexity of rainfall-runoff processes due to human activities. Firstly, a coarse graining process was applied to a time series. The sample entropy was then computed for each coarse-grained time series, and plotted as a function of the scale factor. The proposed method was tested in a case study of daily rainfall and runoff data for the upstream Wu–Tu watershed. Results show that the entropy measures of rainfall time series are higher than those of runoff time series at all scale factors. The entropy measures of the RC time series are between the entropy measures of the rainfall and runoff time series at various scale factors. Results also show that the entropy values of rainfall, runoff, and RC time series increase as scale factors increase. The changes in the complexity of RC time series indicate the changes of rainfall-runoff relations due to human activities and provide a reference for the selection of rainfall-runoff models that are capable of dealing with great complexity and take into account of obvious self-similarity can be suggested to the modeling of rainfall-runoff processes. Moreover, the robustness of the MSE results were tested to confirm that MSE analysis is consistent and the same results when removing 25% data, making this approach suitable for the complexity analysis of rainfall, runoff, and RC time series.
Keywords: multiscale entropy; rainfall; runoff; runoff coefficient multiscale entropy; rainfall; runoff; runoff coefficient
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chou, C.-M. Applying Multiscale Entropy to the Complexity Analysis of Rainfall-Runoff Relationships. Entropy 2012, 14, 945-957.

AMA Style

Chou C-M. Applying Multiscale Entropy to the Complexity Analysis of Rainfall-Runoff Relationships. Entropy. 2012; 14(5):945-957.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chou, Chien-Ming. 2012. "Applying Multiscale Entropy to the Complexity Analysis of Rainfall-Runoff Relationships." Entropy 14, no. 5: 945-957.


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