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Entropy 2010, 12(9), 1975-2044; doi:10.3390/e12091975
Review

Sub-Quantum Thermodynamics as a Basis of Emergent Quantum Mechanics

Austrian Institute for Nonlinear Studies, Akademiehof, Friedrichstrasse 10, 1010 Vienna, Austria
Received: 27 August 2010 / Accepted: 2 September 2010 / Published: 10 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics)
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Abstract

This review presents results obtained from our group’s approach to model quantum mechanics with the aid of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. As has been shown, the exact Schrödinger equation can be derived by assuming that a particle of energy  is actually a dissipative system maintained in a nonequilibrium steady state by a constant throughput of energy (heat flow). Here, also other typical quantum mechanical features are discussed and shown to be completely understandable within our approach, i.e., on the basis of the assumed sub-quantum thermodynamics. In particular, Planck’s relation for the energy of a particle, the Heisenberg uncertainty relations, the quantum mechanical superposition principle and Born’s rule, or the “dispersion of the Gaussian wave packet”, a.o., are all explained on the basis of purely classical physics.
Keywords: nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipative systems; diffusion wave fields; quantum mechanics; Schrödinger equation; uncertainty relations; superposition principle; Born’s rule nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipative systems; diffusion wave fields; quantum mechanics; Schrödinger equation; uncertainty relations; superposition principle; Born’s rule
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Grössing, G. Sub-Quantum Thermodynamics as a Basis of Emergent Quantum Mechanics. Entropy 2010, 12, 1975-2044.

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