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Second-Law Analysis to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Screw Liquid Chillers
Department of Energy and Refrigerating Air-Conditioning Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan
Received: 1 January 2010; in revised form: 2 February 2010 / Accepted: 1 March 2010 / Published: 4 March 2010
Abstract: This work applies the second-law analysis of thermodynamics to quantify the exergy destruction of the components of screw liquid chiller, and to identify the potential for each component to contribute to improve the overall energy efficiency of the system. Three screw liquid chiller units were built to demonstrate the feasibility of the model presented herein. Unit A was a 100 RT water-cooled screw liquid chiller. Unit B was modified from Unit A by switching the old condenser for a new one with a greater heat transfer, and Unit C was modified from Unit B by exchanging the compressor for a more efficient one. The results indicate that the compressor has the largest potential to improve energy efficiency, followed in order by the condenser, and then the evaporator. The second law analysis may help engineers to focus on the components with higher exergy destruction and quantify the extent to which modifying such components can influence, favorably or unfavorably, the performance of other components of the screw liquid chiller.
Keywords: second-law analysis; screw liquid chiller; energy efficiency; irreversibility; exergy destruction
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Lee, T.-S. Second-Law Analysis to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Screw Liquid Chillers. Entropy 2010, 12, 375-389.
Lee T-S. Second-Law Analysis to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Screw Liquid Chillers. Entropy. 2010; 12(3):375-389.
Lee, Tzong-Shing. 2010. "Second-Law Analysis to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Screw Liquid Chillers." Entropy 12, no. 3: 375-389.