Next Article in Journal
The Frequency of CYP2C9, VKORC1, and CYP4F2 Polymorphisms in Russian Patients With High Thrombotic Risk
Previous Article in Journal
Association Between Erectile Dysfunction and Asymptomatic Cardiovascular Damage in Middle-Aged Men
Article Menu
Issue 2 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Medicina 2018, 54(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina54020021

The Patello-Femoral Joint Degeneration and the Shape of the Patella in the Population Needing an Arthroscopic Procedure

1
Institute of Sports of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Sports Trauma and Arthroscopic Unit of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
3
Vilnius University Observatory, Ciurlionio 29, LT-03100 Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Savanoriu 231, LT-02300 Vilnius, Lithuania
5
Institute of Physiology and Pharmacology of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-44307 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 17 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1197 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: the main goal of the study was to investigate the prevalence of the articular cartilage defects (ACD) in the patellofemoral (PF) region of the knee joint based on the anatomical shapes of patella and its impact on the level of physical activity in the population needing arthroscopic procedures for all types of pathologies in the knee. Methods: The articular cartilage status of the PF region was obtained from 1098 arthroscopic procedures of the knee joint. The ACD were correlated to Wiberg’s shape of the patella and classified according to the degree, size and depth of the ACD in the PF region using the ICRS (International Cartilage Repair Society) system: group I consisting of patients with Wiberg type I shape (W1), group II—patients with Wiberg type II shape (W2) and group III—patients with Wiberg type III shape (W3). The Tegner physical activity scale was used to evaluate the physical activity of the patients. Results: The mean of ACD size (PF region) in the W3 group was 3.10 ± 0.99 cm2, which was a statistically significantly larger area in comparison with the W1 (1.90 ± 0.63 cm2; p < 0.0000) and W2 (1.95 ± 0.71 cm2; p < 0.0000). The patients from the W3 group (mean 3.10 ± 0.99) were less physically active (<4 Tegner) compared to the W2 group (mean of 4.48 ± 0.88; p = 0.004) and W1 group (mean of 4.55 ± 0.72; p = 0.002). Conclusions: The patients with the Wiberg type III patella shape had a higher incidence and larger size of ACD in the PF of the knee compared to the groups of Wiberg type I and II. Wiberg III patients with a lower level of physical activity had a larger size of ACD in the PF joint. View Full-Text
Keywords: articular cartilage; patella shape; Wiberg type; knee joint; physical activity articular cartilage; patella shape; Wiberg type; knee joint; physical activity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gudas, R.; Šiupšinskas, L.; Gudaitė, A.; Vansevičius, V.; Stankevičius, E.; Smailys, A.; Vilkytė, A.; Simonaitytė, R. The Patello-Femoral Joint Degeneration and the Shape of the Patella in the Population Needing an Arthroscopic Procedure. Medicina 2018, 54, 21.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Medicina EISSN 1010-660X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top