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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Medicina 2017, 53(4), 253-258; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medici.2017.06.002 (registering DOI)

Periodontal status in 18-year-old Lithuanian adolescents: An epidemiological study

1
Department of Preventive and Paediatric Dentistry, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
2
Department of Dental and Oral Diseases, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 April 2016 / Revised: 25 January 2017 / Accepted: 12 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the periodontal and oral hygiene status of 18-year-old Lithuanian adolescents.
Materials and methods: Cross-sectional data were collected by a multistage sampling approach that was used to draw a representative sample of 1063 adolescents attending schools. In total, 20 schools from the alphabetical list of educational institutions in Lithuania agreed to participate. Periodontal status was evaluated using the Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) index. The oral hygiene status was assessed using the Silness-Löe plaque index.Results: The analysis of the PSR index showed that 77.1% of the study population exhibited gum bleeding on probing, had supragingival and/or subgingival calculus, and shallow pockets. Analysis of the composition of the PSR index revealed that in children whose parents had low education levels (18.6%), gum bleeding was more common than in those whose parents had medium education levels (9.5%) (P < 0.05). Our data showed that in 40.0% of the study participants, oral hygiene status was satisfactory, with a statistically significant difference between boys (46.9%) and girls (35.3%) (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The results of our study showed that the periodontal and oral hygiene status of 18-year-old Lithuanian population could be characterized as poor. In total, 77.1% of the study participants were found to have periodontal conditions such as gum bleeding, dental calculus, and shallow pockets. The anterior teeth of the mandible were most frequently affected.
Keywords: Periodontal Screening and Recording index; Silness-Löe plaque index; Adolescent; Oral health Periodontal Screening and Recording index; Silness-Löe plaque index; Adolescent; Oral health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND) (CC BY-NC-ND).

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Bendoraitienė, E.; Zūbienė, J.; Vasiliauskienė, I.; Saldūnaitė, K.; Andruškevičienė, V.; Basevičienė, N.; Slabšinskienė, E. Periodontal status in 18-year-old Lithuanian adolescents: An epidemiological study. Medicina 2017, 53, 253-258.

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