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Medicina is published by MDPI from Volume 54 Issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Lithuanian Medical Association, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, and Vilnius University.
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Medicina 2010, 46(9), 628; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46090089

Sickness, colleagues’ harassment in teachers’ work and emotional exhaustion

1
Department of Theoretical Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University
2
Department of General Psychology, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 June 2009 / Accepted: 6 September 2010 / Published: 11 September 2010
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the relationship among colleagues’ harassment, emotional exhaustion, and sickness absence with a sample of teachers.
Material and methods
. The sample consisted of 351 teachers from 8 secondary schools in Kaunas. Instruments used in the study included the Work Harassment Scale (WHS) developed by Björkqvist and Österman (1992), the Emotional Exhaustion Scale (the MBI-ES) by Maslach et al. (1996), and a questionnaire of demographic information.
Results
. Data analysis indicated that a higher level of work harassment was related to higher emotional exhaustion. Regression analysis findings indicated that a higher level of emotional exhaustion was related to higher levels of disruption, humiliation, alienation, and indignity. Teachers who observed harassment reported higher levels of emotional exhaustion. Respondents who missed work due to illness reported higher levels of disruption on the WHS.
Conclusions.
The study indicated that work harassment could be an important aspect in teacher’s health. The seriousness of the work harassment phenomenon may be supported by the results showing that teachers who witnessed others being harassed experienced a higher level of emotional exhaustion. The phenomenon appears to be an area that requires additional research.
Keywords: work harassment; emotional exhaustion; sickness absence; teachers work harassment; emotional exhaustion; sickness absence; teachers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Astrauskaitė, M.; Perminas, A.; Kern, R.M. Sickness, colleagues’ harassment in teachers’ work and emotional exhaustion. Medicina 2010, 46, 628.

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